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County
Brazoria
Region
Gulf Coast
Population
2010 Census - 3,684
2000 Census - 3,624
Nearby
Towns
Sweeny, Texas
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Sweeny Texas History:
In 1824, physician and business agent Imla Keep, one of Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred colonists, arrived in Texas and received title to a league of land that included the townsite of Sweeny.
When Keep returned to Louisiana, Martin Varner purchased the land. In 1931, William and Thomas Sweeny arrived to view the land grants they had purchased near Sweeny for the price of a load of mules. Their father, John Sweeny, arrived in 1933 and settled nearby, building a house on the Imla Keep League that he purchased from Martin Varner. The Sweeny post office was established in 1897, closed in 1897, and reopened as Sweeny in 1909. The town was briefly known as Adamston when the St. Louis, Brownsville and Mexico Railway built a line a sidetrack to Sweeny in 1905. In 1908 Sweeny had a cotton gin and a general school; a school was established in 1911. In 1910 the R. D. McDonald Bernard River Land Development Company purchased land in the area, subdivided it into lots and sold it. Land developer Burton D. Hurd platted the townsite in 1911. In 1914, the town had a hotel, a flour mill, three general stores, a cotton gin, a gristmill, sawmill, and 200 residents. By the 1920s, industries included cotton, vegetables, oranges, bricks, live oak parts for ships, and bullfrogs. The economy benefited from the discovery of the Old Ocean Oilfield in 1934. The Harrison-Abercrombie gasoline plant was built in 1938. The town incorporated in 1945. In the 1940s Phillips Petroleum transformed the their carbon black plant into a refinery, natural gas liquids center, and a petrochemicals complex. Today Conoco Philips (Old Ocean) and Chevron Phillips are major employers; some residents commute to the Down Chemical facilities in Lake Jackson for work. Sweeny is located just west of the San Bernard River at the intersection of FM 1459 and FM 524, 10 miles southwest of West Columbia, 23.5 miles southwest of Angleton, 11 miles west of Brazoria, 20 miles northeast of Bay City, 21 miles west of Lake Jackson, and 26 miles northwest of Freeport, Texas.  
 
Historic Sweeny Plantation, 1837, Texas Historical Marker Text:
“After the Texas Revolution, John Sweeny was given this plantation by his father, an extensive landholder. In 1837, slaves built the house using only brick, nails and wood made on his land. Molasses, cotton, and sugar were produced.” The marker is located on SH 35, approximately 5 miles west of Old Ocean, and 3 miles north of Sweeny.
 
Historic Sweeny Cemetery, 1833, Texas Historical Marker Text:
“The cemetery began as a family burial ground when John Sweeny, an early landowner and member of Stephen F. Austin’s Old 300 colony, chose this site for the burial of his young daughter, Freedonia, in 1833. It has been in use ever since by the neighborhood. It holds veterans of all wars since the Texas Revolution.”  The cemetery is located north of Sweeny, adjacent to the flag pole on FM 524.
 
Historic Community of Old Ocean:
The town of Old Ocean is located on SH 35 and SH 524, approximately 5 miles northwest of Sweeny; drive out Main Street (SH 523). Conoco Phillips and a gas station are located here, but not much else. Map
 
Varner-Hogg Plantation State Historic Site Information: 
In 1902, Governor Hogg purchased land along Varner Creek from Martin Varner, a member of Stephen F. Austin’s Old Three Hundred colony who had established a sprawling plantation on the Brazos River in 1824. Though the Governor drilled several oil wells on the site, oil was not discovered on his property until 1920, 14 years after his death. In 1958, his daughter Ima Hogg donated 66 acres, including the two story Greek revival plantation house and the kitchen building, to the State of Texas. Guided tours of the 1835 house museum are available Tue-Sun, 9am, 10am, 11am, 12:30pm, 1:30pm, 2:30pm and 3:30pm. Reservations are not required for groups of less than 10 people. For larger groups, reservations must be made 2 weeks in advance. School tours are also available by reservation. The 1920s interpretive barn is open daily for self-guided tours. Come visit during the spring when the bluebonnets and Indian paintbrushes are in full bloom. The park has a 0.5 acre pond. Activities include birding, picnicking, and historical interpretation. Annual events include Juneteenth Reunions, the San Jacinto Festival, and a Christmas Celebration held on the first weekend in December; Christmas tours are held throughout December. This historic site is available for family reunions, weddings and other events. For more park information read the Park Brochure and go to the Varner-Hogg Plantation SHS Home Page.Fish Stocking History    
 
Sweeny Community Library:
The library provides traditional library programs, children, youth and adult programs, summer programs, public access computers with internet connections, and free Wi-Fi. (979) 548-2567. 205 W. Ashley Wilson Road. Email
 
Event Venue - Sweeny Community Center:
Amenities at this reservable facility include meeting rooms, restrooms and a kitchen. (979) 548-2661. (979) 548-3321. 205 W. Ashley Wilson Road. Email
 
VFW #8551 Hall Tuesday & Saturday Night Bingo:
The doors open at 5pm; bingo starts at 7pm. (949) 345-4409. The VFW is located at the intersection of FM 1459 and SH 35. 
 
Annual Sweeny Trade Days, March:
(979) 548-3321. (979) 548-3249. This event is held at the Sweeny Community Center at 205 West Ashley Wilson Road. Email
 
Annual Sweeny Pride Day Festival & Parade, May:
The parade route begins at Gazebo Park and proceeds up Main Street to Ashley Wilson Road; it ends at Chick Anderson Park at the south end of Main Street (FM 524). Additional activities include live music and other entertainment, a street dance, a BBQ Cook-off, a washer tournament, a horseshoe tournament, a baby contest, a pet parade, boy scout booths, the Sweeny Garden Club Cake Auction, food and craft vendors, a carnival and other children’s activities. (979) 548-3249.
 
Annual Sweeny Lions Club Car Show, Labor Day Weekend Saturday in Sept:
Activities include the car show, and food and arts & crafts booths. (979) 548-3249.
 
Annual Brazoria County Fair, Livestock Show & Rodeo, October:
Activities include live entertainment, a carnival, a BBQ cook-off, a livestock show and rodeo, auctions, a parade, pageants, contests, a pet parade, tricycle races, a youth horseshow, commercial exhibits, live music, a science fair and more. (979) 849-6416. This event is held at the Brazoria County Fair Grounds. 901 S. Downing Street, Angleton, Texas.
 
Christmas in the Park Festival and Lighted Parade, Dec:
This event is hosted by the Sweeny Rotary Club. Activities include a parade on Main Street, vendors and a visit by Santa. The parade entry fee is a non-perishable food donation. (979) 548-3249.
 
Crust & Crumbs Sandwich & Gift Shop:
They serve soups, salads, sandwiches, a kid’s menu, and daily specials; desserts are made fresh daily. (979) 548-4134. 221 N. Elm Street. Reviews  
 
Bulldog Cafe:
(979) 548-3767. 714 North Main Street. Reviews