South Texas Plains
Fannin Battleground State Historic Site
Fannin Battleground State Historic Site Information: 
After the Battle of Coleto on March 20, 1836, Col. J.W. Fannin and 284 of his men surrendered to the Mexican forces of General Jose Urrea with the understanding they would be treated as prisoners of war. They were held at the Presidio La Bahia, located 1.4 miles south of the present day Goliad State Park. Colonel Fannin and the other wounded men were held in the fort’s chapel. Fannin’s room, now called the Flag Room, was located in the south extension of the chapel. On the evening of March 26, Mexican Colonel Portilla received orders from Mexican General Santa Anna to execute all the men he held at the fort. An hour after he received Santa Anna’s order, Portilla received an order from General Urrea requesting that Colonel Portilla, “Treat the prisoners with consideration, particularly their leader, Fannin, and to employ them in the rebuilding of Goliad.” On Palm Sunday morning, March 27, 1836, Portilla had 330 of the prisoners divided into three groups and taken to three different locations approximately 0.5 miles from the fort. All were then massacred, with the exception of 17 men whose lives were spared, and the 28 who escaped. The 40 wounded prisoners being held in the Chapel were taken outside and laid in front of the chapel doors. Colonel Fannin was blindfolded, taken outside and seated on a chair located adjacent to a trench by the Watergate. He made three requests; to have his possessions sent to his family, to not be shot in the face, and that he be given a Christian burial. He was shot last, and in the face, a Mexican officer took his possessions, and his body was burned with many of the other bodies in a mass grave. Francita Alavez, the Angel of Goliad and traveling companion of General Urrea, was one of the most compassionate people involved in the Texas Revolution. She pleaded and saved the lives of a number of men at Goliad, including 15 year old Benjamin Hughes. At Victoria she assisted in the escape of Isaac Hamilton after he escaped the Goliad Massacre. A beautiful stone obelisk honors Fannin and his men. Park amenities include a covered picnic pavilion, a picnic area, benches, a small bandstand with interpretive exhibits, and a playground. The majority of this historic site is ADA compliant. The park hosts special events. For more park information read the brochure and watch the park video.  Fannin, Texas is located on U.S. 59, 9.5 miles northeast of Goliad, Texas. (512) 463-7948. 734 FM 2506, Fannin, Texas 77960.  Email
Birding - Great Texas Coastal Birding Trail, Central Gulf Coast Region:
Guadalupe Loop: Ottine, Gonzales, Hochheim, Cuero, Bloomington, Placedo, Victoria, Palmetto State Park
La Bahia Loop: McFaddin, Bloomington, Goliad, Refugio, Aransas NWR, Austwell, Woodsboro, Bayside, Sinton to Fulton, and Rockport
Texas Birds Checklist
Bird Checklist for the South Texas Brushland
Barnhart Ranch & Nature Retreat Bird Checklist, Berclair & Goliad
Goliad State Park Bird Checklist Available from Park Headquarters
Coastal Bend Audubon Society Bird Checklists
McMillan’s Bar-B-Q, Fannin, Texas:
This roadside BBQ restaurant serves wonderful BBQ, steaks and sides on paper plates with plastic utensils. The restaurant was featured in the Texas Monthly magazine. (361) 645-2326. The restaurant is located in Fannin, Texas at 9913 U.S. 59. Fannin is located 9.5 miles northeast of Goliad, and 16.5 miles southwest of Victoria, Texas.  Reviews  Fannin Texas Map; Click to Enlarge    
Fannin Battleground State Historic Site Directions:
From Goliad, travel east on U.S. 59 for 9 miles, then take FM 2506 South for 1 mile.