Gulf Coast
2010 Census - Unknown
2000 Census - 215
Olivia, Texas
Olivia Texas History:
Olivia was established on Keller Bay in 1892 by Swedish Lutheran immigrants. Reverend C.J.E. Haterius brought settlers to the area; he named the town after his wife Olivia. Cotton was the primary original crop. Olivia is located at the intersection of SH 172 and CR 314, 2 miles southwest of Port Alto, 14 miles northeast of Port Lavaca, 8 miles southeast of Point Comfort, 2 miles west of Port Alto, 22 miles southwest of Palacios, and approximately 32 miles southeast of Edna, Texas.
Historic Town of Olivia, Texas Historical Marker Text:
“Established in 1892, the community is named for Olivia Haterius, wife of the Rev. Carl J.E. Haterius, a Swedish Lutheran minister who purchased land in the area and advertised a new settlement to other Swedish immigrants living in the Midwest. 12 families responded to the initial advertisement and moved to Olivia; others followed over the next few years. By 1900, a number of non-Swedish families had settled here. The first public building was a one room schoolhouse; children were taught during the day, and adults attended English classes in the evening. Until 1910 when a sanctuary was built, the Eden Lutheran Church held services in the schoolhouse. John Lind built the first store in the community on Carancahua Bay in 1894; the post office was housed in the store, and mail was delivered weekly. In 1900, Lind relocated his store to the center of the townsite. Other businesses included a hotel, physician’s office, grocery store, blacksmith shop, and a cotton gin. The town is still proud of and celebrates its Swedish heritage.”  Marker located on SH 172, at the city limits.
Historic Olivia Cemetery, Texas Historical Marker Text:
When the town was platted in 1893, land was set aside for this cemetery. The earliest grave marker is for Christina B. Cavallin, who died in 1897. Marker located on CR 317 at SH 172.
Olivia Park:
This is a wonderful fishing and birding area. Amenities include a boat ramp. The park is located on the south end of SH 172 on Kellers Bay.
Florence Bait Camp Boat Ramp:
Amenities include a boat ramp, a boat dock, a fishing pier and a bait stand. The Camp is located at the end of Second Street in Olivia. Map
Birding - Great Texas Coastal Birding Trail, Central Gulf Coast Region:
Calhoun Loop:  Port Lavaca, Point Comfort, Magnolia Beach, Indianola, Port O’Connor, Seadrift, Longmont, to Austwell
Texana Loop:  Lake Texana, Ganado, Edna, Lolita, La Salle, Vanderbilt to La Ward to Point Comfort
Tres Palacios Loop:  Matagorda, Collegeport, Port Alto, Olivia, Lolita, La Ward to Port Lavaca  
Matagorda Loop:  Brazosport, Angleton, Sargent, Matagorda, Big Boggy NWR
Texas Bird Checklist with Photos    
Calhoun County Bird Checklist with Photos
Athey Nature Area Bird Checklist, Victoria
Athey Nature Area Butterfly Checklist, Victoria
Athey Nature Center Dragonfly List, Victoria
William Henry Schroeder Island Bird Sanctuary Checklist Coming Soon, Victoria
, Port O’Connor
Matagorda NWR Bird Checklist, Port O’Connor
McFaddin & Texas Point NWR Bird Checklist
Mosquito Information:
The months of April through October are the worst months for mosquitoes. Rub yourself with Bounce Fabric Softener sheets, or with Vicks Vapor Rub or pure Mexican Vanilla. Some swear taking a daily vitamin B-1 pill works to repel mosquitoes. Mosquitoes love you when you eat bananas. Mosquitoes are also attracted to some perfumes, including perfumed shampoos. Planting Marigolds in your yard repels mosquitoes. On a picnic table try covering the bottom of a white plate with “lemon fresh” dish wash soap, or use citronella candles. Home Depot sometimes sells the candles in small metal buckets. The ThermaCell Mosquito Repellant is also quite effective in ridding small outdoor areas of mosquitos. Dynatrap Company makes a large standing electric mosquito machine that works like electric bug zappers. It is very successful at making large areas mosquito free. When purchasing mosquito repellent buy those with the ingredient N, N-diethyl-M-toluamide. The fine net clothing available from Cabela’s and other sporting goods stores is highly effective in preventing mosquito bites.
Olivia-Port Alto, #16 on the Tres Palacios Birding Loop:
From Palacios, take SH 35 to Carancahua Bay; park at the boat ramp. Watch for Redhead, Bufflehead, and Red-breasted Merganser ducks, and ospreys. Then continue west on SH 35, and then south on SH 172 at Weedville. In Olivia, bird the Keller Bay area for loons, grebes, and bay ducks. Watch for shorebirds and rails. For other sites in this area, consult the map for directions. This area is good for winter migration.
Formosa-Tejano Wetlands, #17 on the Tres Palacios Birding Loop:
From the intersection of SH 35 and SH 172 at Weedville, go north on SH 172 towards Ganado for 6.9 miles. The Formosa-Tejano Wetlands gate will be on your left. The site consists of 6 units; four are located west of SH 172. The northernmost unit of the western four units is adjacent to a 100 acre reservoir. Habitat for the 6 units includes ponds, wetlands, coastal prairie and woodlands. Species include Neotropical migrants, ducks, geese, large waders, and shorebirds. Watch for American White Pelicans, Wood Storks and diving ducks.
Welder Flats Wildlife Management Area Information:
This Wildlife Management Areais a wintering ground for the endangered whooping crane and has been designated as a critical habitat by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Whooping Cranes are most likely to be present during late December through January. Welder Flats can only be reached by boat as the land is totally submerged in the San Antonio Bay area. Take a boat from Seadrift and travel the Victoria Barge Canal to its intersection with the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway. For more complete WMA information, go to the Welder Flats WMA Home Page. From Victoria take U.S. 87 south for 28 miles to Port Lavaca. At Port Lavaca take SH 238 approximately 20 miles southwest to Seadrift. Tour boats depart from Seadrift to the viewing area which is approximately 17 miles out in the bay.(979) 323-9553.
H & H Hunting Guide Service:
Guided duck and geese hunts are offered out of Port Alto, Port O’Connor or Seadrift. They also have leased land on rice fields. They also offer alligator hunting. (361) 676-9568. (361) 237-6803. Email
Hunt Texas Online Connection:
More than 95% of Texas land is privately owned, making it hard for hunters to find affordable hunting opportunities. The Texas Parks and Wildlife has a huge public hunting program, and has developed a new service to help hunters find hunting places. This new service is provided free by the TPWD. It allows landowners to list available hunting leases or spots that have opened up, and allows hunters to find private hunting leases according to their preferences. 
Hunting, Texas Parks and Wildlife, General Hunting Information
Hunting, Public Hunting on State Lands, TPWD
Hunter Education
Hunting Season by Animal
Texas Parks & Wildlife Department Donations
Guadalupe Delta Wildlife Management Area Information:
This 6,200 acre Wildlife Management Area was established in 1984 along the Texas coast between Houston and Corpus Christi. It consists of 6,200 acres of freshwater marsh which is subject to flooding from the Guadalupe River and its adjacent bayous. The WMA is divided into 4 units. Habitat includes natural and manmade coastal wetlands, riparian areas, and the adjacent uplands located in the vicinity of the delta of the Guadalupe and San Antonio Rivers. Due to the discharge of fresh water from the Guadalupe River, the bay salinity is extremely low compared to the salinity levels of other Texas bays. Endangered or threatened species inhabiting the WMA include the Brown Pelican, Reddish Egret, White-faced Ibis, Wood Stork, American Bald Eagle, White-tailed Hawk, Peregrine Falcon, Whooping Crane, and the Texas Diamondback Terrapin. The area provides excellent forage for Neotropical songbirds, and serves as a breeding ground and nursery for red drum, Atlantic croaker, spotted seatrout, brown shrimp, white shrimp, blue crab, and other marine species. Activities include hunting, fishing, crabbing and birding. For more complete WMA information, go to the Guadalupe Delta WMA Home Page. From Victoria, take SH 185 southeast to SH 35. Go right on SH 35 and drive 1 mile to the entrance. The WMA is located 3 miles northeast of Tivoli.
Matagorda Island Wildlife Management Area Information:
The 56,688 acre Matagorda Island is now jointly managed as a WMA by the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The 56,688 acre barrier island is one of the five barrier islands located on the Texas Gulf Coast (Gulf of Mexico), and is the only one entirely owned by the public. The island is magnificent in its near pristine, windswept environment, and it’s almost total isolation. It is located 55 miles northeast of Corpus Christi, is from 1 to 4 miles wide, and is 38 miles long. The north end is separated from Matagorda Peninsula by Paso Cavallo, and the south end is separated from St. Joseph Island by Cedar Bayou. The west side (bayside) is located approximately 5 miles off the mainland, and across Espiritu Santo, San Antonio and Mesquite Bays. Until the ferry service ended with the burning of the ferry, the TPWD had a presence on the island, and managed the north end of the island as Matagorda Island State Park. The park is now managed as a WMA. The south end of the island is part of the Aransas National Wildlife Refuge Complex owned by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The TPWD is responsible for public use management of the island, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is responsible for wildlife and habitat management. A Limited Public Use (LPU) Permit or an Annual Public Hunting (APH) Permit is required for all persons, except for youth under age 17, who must be accompanied by a permitted adult. The boat dock located at the former TPWD headquarters area is located approximately 11 water miles from Port O’Connor. (979) 323-9553. For more complete WMA information, go to the Matagorda Island WMA Home Page. Island access is by private boat or charter boat from Port O’Connor.
Learn to Camp at Texas Parks & Wildlife State Parks' Outdoor Family Camping Workshops:
Theseworkshops are family camping sessions designed to teach camping skills to those who do not know how to camp; everything is provided from tent to broom. Gear includes a coffee pot, dishes, cooking pots, a camp stove, a battery operated fan and lantern, air mattresses, and a tent. Basic skills taught include pitching a tent, making a campfire, cooking on a propane camp stove, geocaching and using a GPS. Wildlife viewing, fishing and kayaking are available depending on the park and its facilities. After making reservations, families will be sent a packet of information which includes a grocery list. Those interested in this program may sign up for E-Mail Updates on Currently Scheduled Workshops. (512) 389-8903. Calendar