Texarkana Texas History:
Texarkana, Texas and Texarkana, Arkansas share the Texas and Arkansas border which is defined by U.S. 71 (State Line Boulevard). Both towns have similar demographics, and are roughly the same size. The 2010 Texarkana Texas census was 36,411. The 2010 Texarkana Arkansas census was 29,919. Texarkana Texas is located approximately 5 miles south of the Texas-Oklahoma border (the Red River), and just north of the Texas-Louisiana border. The old Union Pacific Station and the U.S. Post Office & Federal Building straddle the Texas-Arkansas state line. Because the post office is built on the Texas-Arkansas state line, there are two zip codes. The Texarkana, Texas zip code is 75501. The zip code for Texarkana, Arkansas is 71854. Texarkana is located on the site of the old Great Southwest Indian Trail and a former Caddo Indian village. Seventy Caddo Indian mounds are located within a radius of 30 miles from Texarkana. The town’s name was coined before the town was actually established. It is derived from its location on the Texas, Arkansas and Louisiana state lines. By 1874, the Cairo and Fulton Railroad had extended its line from Arkansas into Texas where the line connected to the Texas and Pacific rail line. Texarkana was established in December, 1873. A road connecting the town to the railroad was completed in 1874. The Texas and Pacific Railway Company platted the Texarkana, Texas townsite. The town received a charter from the Texas State legislature in 1876. State Line Avenue exactly follows the line of the Texas-Arkansas border. Initially, the only post office was located in Texarkana, Arkansas. Texarkana, Texas residents successfully applied for a post office which operated from 1886 to 1892. After this post office closed, Texas residents again used the post office known as Texarkana, Arkansas until Congressman John Morris Sheppard successfully petitioned to have the name changed to the Texarkana, Arkansas-Texas post office. In 1907, Texarkana, Texas was granted city status and was issued a new charter. The town suffered economically during the Great Depression. The early 1940s construction of the Red River Army Depot and the Lone Star Army Ammunition plant improved the town’s economic fortunes. By 1948, Texarkana was located at the junction of four railroads and was one of the major railroad centers in the Southwest. The area’s rich timber and agricultural lands, and the presence of diversified mineral deposits contribute to town’s importance as a commercial and industrial center. Though Texarkana is commercially one city, it is two separate municipalities with the Texas and Arkansas sides having separate elected officials. Both governments work together for the joint operation of many city services including the fire department, dairy inspection, sewage works, and supervised recreation programs. The Texarkana Post Office and Federal Building has the distinction of being the only building of its kind situated in two states. Texarkana, Texas is located in extreme northeastern Texas on the western border of Texarkana, Arkansas at the intersections of IH-30, U.S. 59, U.S. 67, U.S. 71 and U.S. 82, 63 miles northeast of Mount Vernon, 56.5 miles northeast of Daingerfield, 61 miles southeast of Clarksville, 39 miles northeast of Linden, 25 miles northeast of Atlanta, 13.3 miles northeast of Redwater, and 22 miles northeast of New Boston, Texas.
Texas Travel Information Center:
The 12 Texas Travel Centers are managed by the Texas Transportation Department (TXDot). All are staffed by professional travel counselors who help travelers with routings and provide information on points of interest, events and road conditions. Open daily, 8am-5pm except Memorial Day through Labor Day when it open until 6pm. It is closed Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, Easter, New Year’s Day and Thanksgiving Day. Travelers can also call the toll free line at (800) 452-9292. Road conditions are available 24 hours a day on the toll free line; travel information is available 8am-6pm. The line also has information on fall foliage and scenic wildflower routes during the spring.(903) 794-2114. The Texarkana Center is located at 1200 W IH-30, Texarkana, Texas.
Korean & Vietnam War Memorial:
This memorial honors veterans from the four states area (Texas, Arkansas, Oklahoma and Louisiana). The memorial consists of two equal sections of la curved wall of cement, bricks and granite. One section is engraved with the names of Vietnam War veterans and the other section is engraved with the names of Korean War veterans. Five flags fly including the Texas, Louisiana and Arkansas state flags, the U.S. flag, and the POW/MIA flag. (870) 773-8279. The memorial is located at State Line Avenue and 7th
Street. Email Contacts
World War I, World War II & Confederate Memorials:
The World War II Memorial is located at the Arkansas Miller County Courthouse at 400 Laurel Street, Texarkana, Arkansas 71854. The World War I Memorial is located at State Line Avenue and 6th
Street, just west of the U.S. Post Office. The Confederate Memorial is located in front of the Postoffice at State Line Avenue and 5th
Historic U.S. Post Office & Federal Courthouse, 1933:
Because this building is built on the Texas-Arkansas state line, there are two zip codes. The Texarkana, Texas zip code is 75501. The zip code for Texarkana, Arkansas is 71854. This is the most photographed courthouse in the U.S, second only to the U.S. Supreme Court. Photographers Island is located in front of the post office, and offers a unique photo opportunity to photograph two states while straddling a state line. The building has a Texas Historical Medallion. (903) 792-7191. This building is located at 500 State Line Avenue. The post office's official address is listed as Texarkana, U.S.A. 75501.