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County
Fort Bend
Region
Gulf Coast
Population
2010 Census - 78,817
2000 Census - 63,328
Nearby
Towns
Sugar Land, Texas
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Sugar Land Texas History:
In 1828, Stephen F. Austin granted land in the area to his secretary, Samuel M. Williams. In 1838, William’s brother Nathaniel F. Williams purchased Samuel’s land. Nathaniel and a third brother, Matthew R. Williams, operated the Oakland Plantation where they grew cotton, sugar cane and corn. In 1843, the two brothers established a raw sugar mill. Benjamin F. Terry and William J. Kyle purchased Oakland Plantation in 1853. The two were instrumental in getting the Buffalo Bayou, Brazos and Colorado Railway to build a line through the plantation. A community grew up around the train station. The Sugar Land post office was established in 1858. After Terry’s and Kyle’s deaths in the early 1860s, the plantation began to deteriorate and the post office was discontinued in 1886. Over a period of time, E.H. Cunningham purchased over 12,000 acres of plantation land. In the 1890s, Cunningham established a sugar refinery, a new raw sugar mill, a paper mill, and the fourteen mile long Sugar Land Railroad. Sugar Land became a rail station, and in 1890, the Sugar Land post office was reestablished. By 1892 the town had 500 residents. From 1906 to 1906, Isaac H. Kempner and William T. Eldridge purchased the Ellis and Cunningham plantations and the Cunningham Sugar Company. Kempner and Eldridge modernized the facilities, renamed them the Imperial Sugar Company, and made Sugar Land a company town. By 1914, the town’s population dropped to 200, but the number of businesses had increased. In 1913 the company built 8.5 miles of levees and 20 miles of drainage ditches to prevent the Brazos River from flooding Sugar Land. Between 1917 and 1928, the company reclaimed acreage by dredging the many shallow pools, lakes, creeks and Oyster Creek. Sugar cane growing in Fort Bend County ended in 1928 because of plant disease and the high federal protective tax on sugar cane. The company began importing raw sugar. The 1925 Sugar Land population was 1,000; it grew to 2,500 residents in 1929. The population dropped to 1,500 during the Great Depression and did not continue growing until 1940. The Kempner family became sole owners of the town and Imperial Sugar in 1946. In 1958 the Kempner family began selling businesses, homes and land for development. In 1959, Sugar Land incorporated. The town had 3,100 residents in 1964. By 1988, the town’s proximity to Houston caused the population to rise to 14,898. Sugar Land is located on Oyster Creek, east of the Brazos River at the intersections of U.S. 59, U.S. 90 and SH 6, 48.7 miles east of Eagle Lake, 40 miles southeast of San Felipe, 21.5 miles southeast of Katy, 15.8 miles south of Addicks, 24 miles southwest of Houston, 48 miles southwest of La Porte, 36 miles southwest of Pasadena, 28 miles northwest of Pearland, 6.5 miles west of Missouri City, 40 miles northeast of Wharton, 24 miles northeast of Needville, 8 miles northeast of Richmond, and 45 miles north of West Columbia, Texas.
 
Sugar Land Town Square:
City Plaza offers designer stores, cafes and gourmet restaurants. The plaza hosts many community events including free concerts and outdoor movies. (281) 980-0576. The Sugar Land City Hall and event area are located on the town square at 2299 Lone Star Drive, 77479.      
 
Houston Museum of Natural Science at Sugar Land:
This 44,000 square foot museum is a satellite of the main museum in Houston. It offers special and traveling exhibits. The museum offers daytime classes in their interactive science labs, field trips and Scout Merit Badge program. The museum is housed in a former Central Library building. Open Mon-Fri, 9am-5pm; Sat-Sun, 9am-6pm; summers, 9am-6pm daily. (713) 313-2277. 13019 University Boulevard, Sugar Land, Texas 77479. The museum is located north of U.S. 59, at the intersection of University and New Territory Boulevards.
 
Sugar Land Heritage Foundation Museum:
This museum will be located on the second floor of the former Container Warehouse Building. The roof of the building will be converted into an outdoor venue for events. Plans are for the museum to open in late 2016 or early 2017. The building is located between the Silos and the 3 Bay Warehouse if that tells you anything. The heritage foundation is currently collecting historical items. (281) 494-0261. The heritage foundation is located at 198 Kempner Street, 77498. Email  
 
Fort Bend Symphony Orchestra:
The Symphony performs at the Stafford Centre in Stafford, and at other locations in the Katy, Stafford and Sugar Land area. Tickets may be purchased at event locations in Katy, Sugar Land, and Stafford, Texas. Symphony Contact Information: (281) 276-9642. P.O. Box 16861, Sugar Land, TX 77496. Stafford Centre: (281) 208-6900. The Stafford Centre is located at 10505 Cash Road, Stafford, 77477. Symphony Email 
 
Wharton County Junior College:
(281) 243-8447. (800) 561-9252. 14004 University Boulevard, Sugar Land, TX 77479. Facilities Map
 
First Colony Branch Library Sugar Land:
The library provides traditional library programs, genealogy materials, children, youth and adult programs, summer programs, public access computers with internet connections, and free Wi-Fi. The library has a Genealogy & Local History Room. It also offers free Hoopla Digital, a Netflix type service permitting members to download movies, e-books, music and other entertainment to their personal devices. Up to five may be downloaded each month either in the library or online. Open Mon, noon-9pm; Tue-Wed, 10am-9pm; Thu, 10am-6pm; Fri, noon-5pm; Sat, 10am-5pm; closed Sunday. (218) 238-2800. 2121 Austin Parkway, Sugarland, TX 77479.  
 
Sugar Land Branch Library:
The library provides traditional library programs, genealogy materials, children, youth and adult programs, summer programs, public access computers with internet connections, and free Wi-Fi. The library has a Genealogy & Local History Room. It also offers free Hoopla Digital, a Netflix type service permitting members to download movies, e-books, music and other entertainment to their personal devices. Up to five may be downloaded each month either in the library or online. Open Mon, noon-9pm; Tue &Thu, 10am-9pm; Wed, 10am-6pm; Fri, noon-5pm; Sat, 10am-5pm; closed Sunday. (218) 238-2140. 550 Eldridge Road, Sugar Land, 77478. Email 
 
University Branch Library:
The library provides traditional library programs, genealogy materials, children, youth and adult programs, summer programs, public access computers with internet connections, and free Wi-Fi. The library has a Genealogy & Local History Room. It also offers free Hoopla Digital, a Netflix type service permitting members to download movies, e-books, music and other entertainment to their personal devices. Up to five may be downloaded each month either in the library or online. Open Mon, noon-9pm; Tue &Thu, 10am-9pm; Wed, 10am-6pm; Fri, noon-5pm; Sat, 10am-5pm; closed Sunday. (218) 238-5100. 14010 University Boulevard, Sugar Land, 77479.