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Counties
Travis, Williamson
Region
Hill Country
Population
2010 Census - 99,887
2000 Census - 61,136
Nearby
Towns
Round Rock, Texas
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Round Rock Texas History:
In 1848, Austin blacksmith Jacob M. Harrell moved his business to an area along Brushy creek. The settlement that grew up around his shop was initially called Brushy Creek. When Thomas C. Oatts applied for a Brushy Creek post office in 1854, postal officials asked him to submit another name. He submitted the name Round Rock for the anvil shaped rock that he and Harrell fished from. The rock for which the town was named was (and is) located in Brushy Creek at the site of the former Chisholm Trail  low water crossing. In 1876, the International-Great Northern Railroad built a line through Williamson County, passing just southeast of Round Rock. Residents and businesses began moving to be closer to the railroad on the south bank of Brushy Creek. The tent city that developed around the railroad stop was originally referred to as New Round Rock; the original abandoned site was referred to as Old Round Rock. By 1887, New Round Rock had several businesses including a broom factory, a lime plant, professional offices, hotels and a general store. In 1878, outlaw Sam Bass and his men became engaged in a gun battle with Texas Rangers and other lawmen while attempting to rob a Round Rock Bank. Bass was shot and later died from his injuries; he is buried in Round Rock. Round Rock’s proximity to Austin has caused explosive town growth in the past few decades as many of those moving into Central Texas from other areas choose to live in the more conservative and smaller towns of Round Rock, Pflugerville, Georgetown, Cedar Park and Westlake Hills. Round Rock had 2,811 residents in 1970, 12,740 in 1980, 30,933 in 1990, 61,136 in 2000, and 99,887 residents in 2010. The Texas Chain Saw Massacre was filmed in and around Round Rock. After the movie was filmed, the house was moved to Kingsland and converted into a restaurant. The Round Rock Chamber of Commerce office displays vintage photos and historical Round Rock memorabilia. Round Rock is bordered on the north by Georgetown, on the south by Austin, and on the west by Cedar Park, Texas. It is located at the intersections of IH-35, Loop 1 Toll Road (Mopac) , the SH 45 Toll Road, and U.S. 79, 28 miles northeast of Lakeway and Lake Travis, 56.5 miles southeast of Marble Falls, 23 miles southeast of Liberty Hill, 19 miles southeast of Leander, 13 miles southeast of Cedar Park, 49.4 miles south of Killeen, 9 miles south of Georgetown, 41,7 miles southwest of Belton, 28 miles southwest of Granger and Granger Lake, 17.7 miles southwest of Taylor, 9 miles southwest of Hutto, 49 miles northwest of Bastrop, 31 miles northwest of Elgin, approximately 18 miles northwest of Coupland, 31 miles northeast of Webberville, 7.5 miles northwest of Pflugerville, 37 miles north of Elroy, and 19 miles north of Austin, Texas.
 
“The Round Rock,” Texas Historical Marker Text:
“A guide for Indians and early settlers, table-shaped stone in the middle of Brushy Creek once marked an important low-water wagon crossing. Hundred-year-old wheel ruts are still visible in the creek bottom. The rocky stream bed also provided building stone for pioneer homes. "Brushy Creek" post office was established in 1851 to serve the settlement that grew up near this natural ford. At the urging of postmaster Thomas C. Oatts, it was renamed "Round Rock" in 1854. This name was retained when the town relocated along the railroad (1 mi. E) in 1877.” The official round rock, from which the town derives its name, is located in Chisholm Trail Crossing Park at 500 Chisholm Trail Road.
 
Sam Bass' Death Site, Texas Historical Marker Text:
“An uneducated Indiana orphan who drifted to Texas as a youth, Sam Bass won fame racing his swift Denton mare, gambling and robbing trains. A rich haul in Nebraska was followed by months of reckless spending. Bass liked to shower gold on people who fed or harbored him while he eluded law officers. In July 1878, he came to Round Rock to rob a bank, and was shot by Texas Rangers. Gallant to the last, refusing to name guilty partners, he became a hero to 19th century balladeers. His celebrated grave is situated in old Round Rock Cemetery.” His death site is located approximately 20 yards northwest of the historical marker.  Sam Bass (Gang) and Seaborn Barns Grave Markers