Gillespie, Llano
Hill Country
Enchanted Rock State Natural Area
Enchanted Rock State Natural AreaInformation:
This extremely popular 1,643 acre State Natural Area is located north of Fredericksburg, Texas on Big Sandy Creek, and on the border of Gillespie and Llano Counties. In 1978, the Nature Conservancy of Texas acquired the parkland by warranty deed from the Moss family. In 1984, the state acquired it, added facilities, and reopened it as a State Natural Area. Enchanted Rock, a huge, pink granite exfoliation dome, rises 425 feet above the ground and covers 640 acres. It is the second largest batholith (underground rock formation uncovered by erosion) in the United States. Georgia’s Stone Mountain is the largest. The islands of vegetation (vernal pools) on the bare granite summit of Enchanted Rock are some of the most ecologically significant and severely threatened features of this state natural area. Please do not enter the pools and do not let your pets enter the pools. Enchanted Rock is a National Natural Landmark, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Park entrance and camping fees apply.For more information, read the Park Brochure and watch the Park Video.
Battle at Enchanted Rock:
On one occasion when Capt. Jack Hays and about twenty members of his company were scouting in the vicinity of the Enchanted Rock, Hays became separated from his companions. He was attacked by Indians and escaped up the summit of Enchanted Rock where he entrenched found protection in a crevice. He fired many times at the charging Indian. Each time the Indians fell back, Captain Hays was able to re-load his firearms. His comrades were engaged in an Indian struggle at the bottom of the rock, and could hear the gunshots and screams of the Indians attacking their captain. They were eventually able to reach his position and help dispatch the Indians. Five or six dead Indians were killed in the vicinity of Hay’s location. A larger number were killed at the base of Enchanted Rock. Three or four rangers were seriously, but none fatally wounded. The exact date of this fight is not known, but it occurred about 1844 or 1845.
The SNA is located 18 miles north of Fredericksburg on RR 965. From Llano, take SH South 16 miles, then go west on RR 965.