El Paso
Big Bend
2010 Census - 32,013
2000 Census - 27,152
Socorro, Texas
Socorro Texas History:
The town was established in 1680 by Governor Antonio de Otermín, Father Francisco de Ayeta and a group of refugees fleeing from the New Mexican Pueblo Indian Revolt.In 1682, the Spaniards established the Nuestra Señora de la Limpia Concepción del Socorro Mission at Socorro. The first mission building washed away in the 1744 Rio Grande River flood. The town had 1,100 residents when the second mission building washed away in the 1829 flood whichflooded much of the lower Rio Grande Valley and formed a new channel that ran south of Ysleta, Socorro and San Elizario, leaving them situated on an island between the new and old Rio Grande River channels. In 1821 after the Mexican War of Independence from Spain, the three towns had become a part of the state of Chihuahua, Mexico.
The 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo established the Rio Grande River as the boundary between Texas and Mexico, and placed the three towns in U.S. territory. During the 1800s, Socorro was an agricultural community with an irrigation system that supported vineyards, fruit trees and cereal grains. The 1916 construction of Elephant Butte Dam on the Rio Grande River near the New Mexico town of Truth or Consequences lessened the downstream flow of the river, resulting the an agricultural switch from small family farms to large plantation style farming of alfalfa and cotton. During the 1960s and the 1970s, the population began to rapidly increase. Developers built Colonias that lacked paved streets, and water and sewer lines. In 1990, the town had 27,152 residents which put a huge strain on the existing water wells. The Lower Valley Water District Authority eventually received funds to construct sewer and water lines in the area. Socorro has incorporated and dis-incorporated several times over the years. El Paso’s 1985 bid to annex the town was blocked by voters. Socorro is located on the Rio Grande River at the intersections of IH-10, SH 20 and SH 375 (North Americas Avenue), 36 miles southeast of Anthony, 15.6 miles southeast of El Paso, 106 miles northwest of Van Horn, 13.9 miles northwest of Fabens, and 5 miles northwest of San Elizario, Texas.
Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, Mexico:
Juarez’s estimated 2010 census was 1.5 million. Four international bridges connect Juarez and El Paso, Texas. Juarez was once known as the deadliest city in the world, but murder and gangland shooting statistics are improving. Visitor Information 
Mexico Travel Warning
Customs Duty Information
Border Bridge Wait Times
International Ysleta Port (Zaragoza Bridge), El Paso to Juarez, Mexico:
Commercial vehicle inspection services are available Mon-Fri, 6am-Midnight; Sat, 8am-4pm. Non-commercial vehicle inspection and pedestrian access are available 24 hours daily. Airport support is available after hours: (915) 872-3424. Immigration & Citizens Services: (915) 872-3472. 791 S. Zaragosa Road. Contacts
Tigua Indian Reservation, Tigua Cultural Center & Speaking Rock Entertainment Center:
The Ysleta del Sur Pueblo is a federally recognized Native American tribe and sovereign nation. The tribal community, known as “Tigua,” was established in 1682 after the 1680 Pueblo Indian Revolt. It is the oldest Indian settlement in Texas. In 1744, Spanish missionaries built the Ysleta Mission to serve the Indians. The original Ysleta town is located near Socorro, and was annexed by El Paso in 1855. In 1929, an international was built across the Rio Grande River linking Ysleta with Zaragosa in the state of Chihuahua, Mexico. The YDSP Tigua Indian Cultural Center(305 Yaya Lane, Socorro) houses gift shops, a museum, and the Pueblo Hornos which sells fresh baked Indian bread (call for schedule). Visitors are treated to Native American Indian dances and guided tours. The cultural center is open Wed-Sun, 10am-4pm; closed Mondays and Tuesdays. The tribe also owns and manages the nearby Speaking Rock Entertainment Center in Socorro, Texas. This venue offers a full service bar, a sidewalk café, and big screen TVs for watching sporting events, and live music. Entertainment Center: (915) 860-7700. Cultural Center: (915) 859-7700. The Speaking Rock Entertainment Center is located at 122 South Old Pueblo Road, El Paso (mail), 79907.  Speaking Rock Email
El Paso Mission Trail Association
The three El Paso area missions include the Tigua Indians’ Ysleta Mission in Ysleta, the Socorro Mission in Socorro, and the Presidio Chapel in San Elizario, Texas. All three missions are listed on the National Register of Historic Places and are owned by the Catholic Diocese of El Paso, and are actively supported by their local parishes. The El Paso Mission Trail Association offers guided and self-guided tours of the Ysleta Mission, the Tigua Cultural Center and Ysleta del Sur Pueblo Museum, the Socorro Mission, the San Elizario Mission, and a few other historic sites. The association is located at 9065 Alameda Avenue, 79907, in El Paso, Texas. (915) 851-9997. (915) 790-0661.   
Socorro Mission, 1682, Socorro, Texas:
The current mission was built in 1840 to replace the earlier mission that was destroyed in the 1829 Rio Grande River flood. Mission facilities include the adjacent 1840s rectory, the cemetery with its four structures which serve as rest areas, and portions of its original irrigation system. The Socorro Mission is located at 328 S. Nevarez Road, south of El Paso on IH-10 at Moon Road and FM 258. The Socorro Mission is open to the public Mon-Fri, 8am-4pm; (915) 859-7718. 
Ysleta Mission, 1744, El Paso & Socorro:
The Ysleta Mission was established in 1744 to serve the Tigua Indians who had fled New Mexico during the 1860 Pueblo Indian Revolt. The mission was partially destroyed during a 1907 fire, but was reconstructed with the addition of a three story tower. Ysleta Mission is the oldest continuously active parish in the state of Texas, and the community of Ysleta is the oldest town in Texas.The Tigua Indian Tribe operates the Speaking Rock Casino. The casino is located at 601 Tiwa Boulevard in Socorro, Texas. The Ysleta Mission is located at 131 South Zaragoza Road, southeast of El Paso, and just northwest of Socorro, Texas. The Ysleta Mission offers Spanish services Monday through Friday at 7am and 6pm; the church is open to the public in the morning before 6am. Mission: (915) 859-9848. Casino: (915) 860-7777.
Rio Vista Community Center at the Historic Rio Vista Farm:
The farm was built as an El Paso county poor farm for indigent people. During the Great Depression, plans to discontinue this program existed, but the population that needed those services grew, so the program continued and the poor farm was renamed Rio Vista Farm. In 1936, the Rio Vista Farm sheltered hundreds of indigent and destitute people. From 1951 to 1963, it was used as a center for contracting out Mexican laborers. When this program concluded, the center was abandoned for over 20 years. Several of the original buildings have been repaired. One of the buildings houses the Rio Vista Community Center which provides social services to those in need. The center provides computer classes, fitness classes, yoga and Zumba classes, meals, crafts and other activities. The historic buildings are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. (915) 860-8615. The community center is located at 901 North Rio Vista Road, 79927.
Annual Ysleta Mission Festival, 2nd Weekend in July:
The annual three day Ysleta Mission Festival is recognized as one of El Paso’s premier festival events. It has been held on the second weekend of July for over a century, and attracts thousands of music lovers to the grounds of the 326 year old Ysleta Mission. Activities include live music, traditional dances, arts and crafts, authentic Southwest cuisine, and games for the entire family. (915) 859-9848. 131 South Zaragoza Road, Socorro, Texas.
Annual WinterFest, Dec:
Activities at this free festival include the lighting of the Christmas tree, hot chocolate, photos with Santa, arts and crafts, a Christmas movie, music, food vendors, and children’s activities. This event is held at the Rio Vista Community Center at 901 North Rio Vista Road, 79927. (915) 858-2915.
Valley Growers Association, Fabens, TX:
Open Wed, 9am-3pm; Sat-Sun, 8:30am-3:30pm. (915) 764-2149. 312 Main Street.
San Elizario Farmer's Market:
Open Sat, 8am-1pm. (915) 487-5966. The market is located on the San Elizario Plaza at the San Elizario Mission.
Licon Dairy, San Elizario:
They raise dairy cows and produce and sell dairy products including cheeses. Their Azaderos cheese is very popular. Amenities include a petting zoo and a fishing pond stocked with catfish. The petting zoo is free. There is a fee charged for fishing. (915) 851-2705. 11951 Glorietta Road.
Cattleman's Steakhouse at Indian Cliffs Ranch:
Ranch amenities include a private zoo, a lake, a movie set, Cattleman’s Steakhouse Restaurant, and Fort Apache. Cattleman’s Steakhouse is known for its great steaks. The ranch is open daily; no admission fees apply. The restaurant is open Mon-Fri, 5pm-10pm; Sat, 12:30pm-10pm; Sun, 12:30pm-9pm. (915) 544-3200. The ranch is located 20 miles southeast of El Paso at 3045 S. Fabens, Fabens, TX 79838. The ranch is located 5 miles north of Exit 49 (Fabens) on IH-10.  Fort Apache Map   Reviews