South Texas Plains
2010 Census - 4,002
2000 Census - 3,998
Sullivan City, Texas
Sullivan Texas History:
In 1927, the Missouri Pacific Railroad established a loading station on Ed W. Sullivan’s ranch. A farm and ranching community grew up around the site and by 1930 it had a post office and approximately 250 residents. The Rodriguez colonia developed outside of town and by 1986 it had 225 dwellings and 1,013 residents. Sullivan City students attend La Joya ISD schools. Sullivan City is located 3 miles north of the Rio Grande River and Los Ebanos, and 1 mile east of the Starr County line on U.S. 83, 23 miles northwest of McAllen, 16 miles northwest of Mission, 6 miles northwest of La Joya, 18 miles southeast of Rio Grande City, 44 miles southeast of Falcon Heights and the Falcon International Reservoir, and 30.5 miles southeast of Roma, Texas.
Camargo, Tamaulipas, Mexico:
The town is located a few miles from the Rio Grande River. The town is located near three thermal springs, Ojo de Jabali, Ojo Caliente and Ojo Salado, the Mission Santa Rosalia, the Precidio San Francisco de Conchos (near Lake Boquilla), and Lake Colina. March 30, 2008 News Article
Mexico Travel Warning
Duty Free Information
Border Bridge Wait Times
Rio Grande City-Camargo Mexico International Bridge, 1966:
This bridge is also known as the “Starr-Camargo Bridge” and “Puente Camargo.” The 2 lane, 591 foot long bridge spans the Rio Grande River connecting Rio Grande City with Camargo, Mexico. Traffic includes commercial and passenger vehicles and pedestrians. The privately owned Starr Camargo Bridge Company owns and manages the bridge. The bridge is open daily, 7am-12 midnight. (956) 487-5606. 804 W. Main Street, Rio Grande City, 78582. Email
Los Ebanos Ferry Crossing – Mexico Ferry Crossing, Los Ebanos, TX:
This is the last working hand pulled ferry in existence in the United States. It ferries vehicles across the Rio Grande River between the U.S. and Diaz Ordaz, Mexico. This river crossing was first used by the Spanish explorers in the1740s. During the prohibition years it was known as Smuggler's Crossing because of the bootleg liquor the ferry transported from Mexico to the U.S. Originally called Las Cuevas Crossing because there are numerous caves in the area, the crossing was renamed Los Ebanos after the large number of Ebony trees located in the area. This is a good birding site. The ferry load limit is 3 cars, and several pedestrians; fees apply. The ferry makes the round trip in 10 minutes. The ferry operates daily, 8am-3:30pm; closed for lunch 12pm-12:15pm. Ferry: (956) 485-1084. Office: (956) 487-1650. The ferry is located three miles south of U.S. 83, near Sullivan City on FM 886. From Mission, drive 14 miles west on U.S. 83, then turn left (south) onto FM 886, and drive 3 miles to the ferry; you will pass through the small town of Los Ebanos.
Santa Maria Bullring, La Gloria, TX:
The Plaza Santa Maria has been hosting bloodless bull fighting competitions since 2002. It also owns and manages the Santa Maria Bullfighting School. Tickets are available by calling the Bull Ring at (956) 481-3300. They are also available at Mission at Border Tire, (956) 585-8473. P.O. Box 55, Santa Elena, TX 78591. The Santa Maria Bull Ring is located on the La Querencia Ranch on FM 1017, La Gloria, Texas. La Gloria is located on FM 775 just northeast of the FM 755 and RR 1017 intersection, 31 miles north of Rio Grande City, Texas.
Birding - Great Texas Coastal Birding Trail, Lower Gulf Coast Region:
Falcon Loop:  West of Roma; Chapeno, Falcon Heights, Falcon Reservoir
Rio Bravo Loop:  Fronton, Roma, Rio Grande City, Garciasville, area west of Los Ebanos
Zapata Loop:  Randado, Escobas, Bustamante, San Ygnacio, Zapata area north and west of Falcon Reservoir
Texas Bird Checklist with Photos
Bird Checklist for South Texas Brushlands
Starr County Bird Checklist with Photos
Rio Grande Valley Bird Photos & Sound Library
Rancho Lomitas Bird Checklist, Rio Grande City  
Rancho Lomitas Butterfly Checklist, Rio Grande City  
Roma Bluffs World Birding Center Bird Checklist, Roma
Lower Rio Grande Valley NWR Bird Checklist
Rio Grande River:
The Rio Grande rises 12,000 feet above sea level in the Rio Grande National Forest in Colorado as a clear, spring and snow-fed mountain stream. The river cuts through the middle of New Mexico to the sites of El Paso and Ciudad Juárez at the junction of Chihuahua, Mexico and Texas. At that point, because of the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo which terminated the Mexican War, the Rio Grande became the international boundary between the United States and Mexico. It forms the western or southern borders of El Paso, Hudspeth, Presidio, Brewster (where the river's sweeping curve gives Big Bend National Park its name), Terrell, Val Verde, Kinney, Maverick, Webb, Zapata, Starr, Hidalgo, and Cameron Counties. The river empties into the Gulf of Mexico. The river has many large and small tributaries including the Pecos and Devils Rivers which enter the Rio Grande at the Amistad Reservoir northwest of Del Rio, Texas. At El Paso the Rio Grande caused friction in the 1870s, when the river bit deep into the banks of Mexico and gradually transferred land to the United States. The famous Chamizal Dispute was not settled until 1963, when 437 acres was ceded from downtown El Paso to Mexico. The agreement economically strengthened both cities. The international border at the two cities is now lined with concrete so that the river will never again shift its channel. In Mexico the river is known as the Rio Bravo del Norte, or Rio Bravo. Fish Stocking History
Roma Bluffs World Birding Center Information:
The three acre Roma Bluffs WBC, a wing of the World Birding Center, is situated on the bluffs above the Rio Grande River on the old plaza of the former steamboat port in Roma, Texas. Habitat on the 3 acre site includes stands of Texas ebony, and tracts of mesquite and prickly pear brush. The river fluctuates with the release of water from Falcon Dam, located about 20 miles upstream. Activities include guided and self-guided nature tours, guided canoe trips on the Rio Grande, and year round nature classes and group programs. An Interpretive Overlook deck sits high above the Rio Grande River, giving great views of the habitat and wildlife, and the border town of Miguel Aleman, Mexico. The area is designated as a National Historic District. For more WBC information, read the WBCs Brochure and go to the Roma Bluffs WBC Home Page
Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley State Park World Birding Center Information, Mission, TX:
The Texas Parks and Wildlife Department transferred the management of this former multi-use state park to the World Birding Center. The World Birding Center complex consists of 9 nature preserves whose purpose is to protect the habitat of resident and migrating birds. The Bentsen-Rio Grande WBC on the Rio Grande River is the headquarters site of the World Birding Center. It consists of 760 acres surrounded by an additional 1,900 acres of protected native habitat belonging to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. In a major effort to get the park habitat back to its original state, portions of the park are sometimes flooded. New development is restricted to the former agricultural fields. The 50 acres surrounding these fields are being replanted with Texas native plants, including Texas ebony, sugar hackberry, cedar elms, and anacua. The spring is a wonderful time to visit due to the flowering shrubs (blackbrush and Cenizo), and wildflowers such as sand verbena, sleepy daisy, and wild phlox and huisache daisy. Access to this WBC is via tram, bicycle or foot. The park rents adult bicycles, children’s tandems and trikes. The Headquarters buildings and the car and bus parking lots are located outside the park. The park hosts interpretive programs for school children and the public, and other events such as bird walks. The park is open daily year round from 7am to 10pm. Pay entry fees at the headquarters building. An after hour’s pay booth, restrooms and a telephone are located at the park entrance beyond the headquarters area. The headquarters and the café are open daily from 7:30am-5pm. The tram service runs Tue-Sun, 7:30am-4:30pm. (956) 584-9156. The WBC is located at 2800 South Bentsen Palm Drive (FM 2062), Mission, Texas 78572. For more park information, read the Park Brochure, and go to the Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley WBC Home Page
Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge Information:
The Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1979 to connect the remaining existing tracts of natural brush along the Rio Grande River. The unit’s 111 individual land tracts (most are undeveloped) total over 90,000 acres. The refuge units are located in Starr, Hidalgo, Cameron and Willacy counties, and are scattered in an area extending 275 miles along the Rio Grande River from Falcon Dam to the Gulf of Mexico. Habitats in this refuge range from Chihuahuan thorn forests to Texas ebony forests, sable palm forests, brushland, tidal wetlands, salt lakes, resacas, riverside woodlands, caliche hillsides and a variety of other habitats. Both the Central and Mississippi bird flyways cross this area. The refuge remains the top priority of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The Service continues making acquisitions of land with the ultimate goal being to enlarge the refuge to 132,500 acres. The tracts are home to over 1,100 types of plants, over 700 wildlife species including 484 species of birds, and over 300 species of butterflies. Of immense importance is the protection of the endangered ocelot, Jaguarundi, and Kemp's Ridley sea turtle. The Santa Ana NWR, Laguna Atascosa NWR and the Lower Rio Grande Valley NWR form the South Texas NWR Complex (STNWR) which offices at the Santa Ana NWR. For more complete NWR information, go to the Lower Rio Grande Valley NWR Home Page.
La Puerta Tract, 4,000 Acres, Rio Grande City, TX:
The semiarid Barretal Habitat at the La Puerta Tract of the Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge provides excellent wildlife viewing opportunities. The hiking and walking trails are limited to pedestrian use. Amenities include a parking lot and an information kiosk. (956) 784-7500. This tract is located on U.S. 83, 3 miles east of Rio Grande City.
Penitas Unit Hunting & Birding, La Joya:
The grassy fields near the entrance and other areas are great for birding. An information kiosk is located at the entrance; check for hunting season closures. (956) 447-2704. The Penitas Unit is located in La Joya, Texas on the south side of Military Road (FM 1427), and southeast of Walter Lake. Map
La Grulla Tract LRGVNWR Hunting, La Grulla, TX:
The La Grulla Tract of the Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge offers seasonal dove hunting by permit. (956) 784-7500. La Grulla is located 15 miles southeast of Rio Grande City, Texas. The tract is located on FM 2360, 3 miles south of U.S. 83 in La Grulla.
Yturria Tract LRGVNWR Hunting & Birding, 1,800 Acres, La Joya, TX:
Habitat at the 1,800 acre Yturria Brush Tract of the Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge consists of thornscrub. Amenities include an information kiosk, hiking and biking trails, old roads and a designated parking lot. The tract is closed during annual seasonal hunts. This tract is an excellent area to view wildlife. (956) 784-7500. The Yturria is located on U.S. 83, west of La Joya.
Hunt Texas Online Connection:
More than 95% of Texas land is privately owned, making it hard for hunters to find affordable hunting opportunities. The Texas Parks and Wildlife has a huge public hunting program, and has developed a new service to help hunters find hunting places. This new service is provided free by the TPWD. It allows landowners to list available hunting leases or spots that have opened up, and allows hunters to find private hunting leases according to their preferences. 
Hunting, Texas Parks and Wildlife, General Hunting Information
Hunting, Public Hunting on State Lands, TPWD
Hunter Education
Hunting Season by Animal
Texas Parks & Wildlife Department Donations
Learn to Camp at Texas Parks & Wildlife State Parks' Outdoor Family Camping Workshops:
Theseworkshops are family camping sessions designed to teach camping skills to those who do not know how to camp; everything is provided from tent to broom. Gear includes a coffee pot, dishes, cooking pots, a camp stove, a battery operated fan and lantern, air mattresses, and a tent. Basic skills taught include pitching a tent, making a campfire, cooking on a propane camp stove, geocaching and using a GPS. Wildlife viewing, fishing and kayaking are available depending on the park and its facilities. After making reservations, families will be sent a packet of information which includes a grocery list. Those interested in this program may sign up for E-Mail Updates on Currently Scheduled Workshops. (512) 389-8903. Calendar