South Texas Plains
2010 Census - 236,091
2000 Census - 176,576
Laredo, Texas
Laredo Texas History:
Laredo was established in 1755 by Tomás Sánchez de la Barrera y Garza who was granted permission by José de Escandón to form a new settlement about thirty miles upriver from Nuestra Señora de los Dolores Hacienda in what is now Zapata County. Laredo was the last of the eighteen towns established under Escandón’s supervision. He also established eighteen missions. In 1767, a commission platted the San Agustín Plaza and the common areas of the village. During the Texas Revolution Laredo served as a concentration point for the forces of Antonio López de Santa Anna. After the war, the State of Texas considered the Rio Grande River to be the boundary between Texas and Mexico, but made no attempts to extend jurisdiction over the border region. The residents of Laredo continued to consider themselves citizens of the Mexican state of Tamaulipas. After decades of feeling neglected by the Mexican government, the rancheros in the region revolted in 1838 and proclaimed their territory the Republic of the Rio Grande, with Laredo as the capital. The Mexican government arrived to crush the rebellion. The first effort made to place Laredo under the jurisdiction of Texas was not made until the Mexican War. On March 1846, Texas Ranger Captain Robert Addison Gillespie raised the United States flag over the city. The next November an American garrison, under the command of former Republic of Texas president Mirabeau B. Lamar, occupied the town. In 1848, Laredo became the county seat for newly established Webb County. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (February 2, 1848) officially ended the Mexican War and established the Rio Grande, the Gila, and the Colorado Rivers as the boundary between the two nations. This boundary divided the town of Laredo, many of whose residents had homes and ranchos on the Mexican side of the Rio Grande River. A number of other families who did not wish to live under the American flag chose to move across the river to what became the village of Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas. Fort McIntosh was established a mile west of Laredo on March 3, 1849. During the Civil War, Laredo became an important Confederate cotton shipping point after the Union forces blockaded Brownsville in 1863. In March 1864, Union troops advanced on Laredo with orders to destroy all the bales of cotton that were stored around San Agustín Plaza. Col. Santos Benavides and his Laredo Confederates repulsed the federalists at Zacate Creek in the battle of Laredo. In 1881, Laredo began receiving rail service to Corpus Christi and San Antonio. In the late 1800s, irrigated farming was introduced in the area. Between 1900 and 1925, oil and gas was discovered north of town. Laredo has the country’s largest inland port, and is a major port of entry for international trade and tourism between the United States and Mexico. Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, Mexico is located across the Rio Grande River from Laredo. For years, one of the best things about visiting Laredo was going to Marti’s department store in Nuevo Laredo – I don’t know why the store closed. Laredo is located at the intersections of IH-35, U.S. 83, U.S. 59, and SH 359, 179 miles southeast of Del Rio, 125 miles southeast of Eagle Pass, 81 miles southwest of Carrizo Springs, 158 miles southwest of San Antonio, 150 miles southwest of Corpus Christi, 134 miles northwest of McAllen, 135 miles west of Corpus Christi, 209 miles northwest of Brownsville, and 145 miles northwest of McAllen, Texas.
Webb County Courthouse, 1909:
The brick and concrete courthouse was designed in Renaissance Revival style with Romanesque details by famed courthouse architect Alfred Giles.The 2010 Webb County census was 250,304.
Texas Travel Information Center:
The twelve Texas Travel Centers are managed by the Texas Transportation Department (TXDot). All are staffed by professional travel counselors who help travelers with routings and provide information on points of interest, events, and road conditions. Open daily, 8am-5pm; 8am-6pm, Memorial Day through Labor Day; closed Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, Easter, New Year’s Day, and Thanksgiving. Travelers can also call the toll free line, (800) 452-9292. Road conditions are available 24 hours a day on the toll free line, and travel information is available 8am-6pm. The line also has information on fall foliage trails and spring wildflower trails.The Laredo center is located at 15551 IH-35 North at U.S. 83; (956) 417-4728.
Nuevo Laredo, Mexico:
The city is located in the Mexican state of Tamaulipas, directly across the Rio Grande River from Laredo, Texas. The 2010 census was 373,725. Nuevo Laredo is the largest Mexican inland port. The town has always been a popular shopping destination for Texans, particularly Marti’s, and the Mall del Norte. The town might have changed dramatically the past few years due to the Mexican drug war.
Mexico Travel Warning
Duty Free Information
Border Bridge Wait Times
Gateway to the Americas International Bridge, Laredo to Nuevo Laredo:
This bridge is also known as the Laredo International Bridge 1. It is the bridge most commonly used by tourists. It serves non-commercial and pedestrian travelers. The bridge is open 24/7. Payment is by Cash and AVI. (956) 721-2070. The bridge is located in the San Agustin Historical District in downtown Laredo. It crosses the Rio Grande River on Convent Avenue, just west of IH-35, and east of the Los Dos Laredo Park. Laredo Map; Click to Enlarge  Bridge Cameras    
Juarez-Lincoln International Bridge (Bridge 2), Laredo to Nuevo Laredo:
This bridge only serves non-commercial traffic. The bridge is open 24/7. Payment is by Cash and AVI. (956) 795-2055. 201 Santa Ursula Avenue. The bridge may be accessed from Santa Ursula Avenue and San Dario Avenue at the south end of IH-35. Bridge Cameras 
Colombia Solidarity International Bridge (Bridge 3), Laredo to Nuevo Laredo:
This bridge serves commercial and non-commercial travelers. It is open to non-commercial travel daily, 8am-midnight. Commercial hours are on-Fri, 9am-11pm; Sat, 10am-4pm; Sun, noon-4pm. The commercial parking lot is open daily, 8am-midnight. Payment is by Cash, prepaid passes, and AVI. (956) 417-5800. (956) 729-2060. FM 3464 at FM 1472. Laredo Map; Click to Enlarge  Bridge Cameras 
World Trade Bridge International Bridge (Bridge 4), Laredo to Nuevo Laredo:
This bridge serves commercial traffic only. The bridges’ manager’s office is located here. Open Mon-Fri, 8am-12 midnight, Sat, 8am-4pm, Sun, 10am-2pm. Payment is by prepaid passes and AVI. (956) 791-2200. 11601 FM 1472. Bridge Cameras