Panhandle Plains
Buffalo Springs Lake
Buffalo Springs Lake Information:
Indian tribes frequented Buffalo Springs before the buffalo hunters discovered it in the 1870s. In the late 1920s, the Buffalo Lakes Association was formed when J.A. Wilson dammed the canyon and created Buffalo Springs Lake. After this initial development, boating, fishing, camping, and swimming attracted visitors. In the late 1950s, the Lubbock County Water Control and Improvement District purchased over 1,600 acres around Buffalo Lake. The 241 surface acre lake was re-impounded on the North Fork of the Double Mountain Fork of the Brazos River in 1960. The lake has a maximum depth of 52 feet. Predominant fish species include largemouth bass, striped bass, white crappie, channel and flathead catfish, and sunfish. The majority of the shoreline is private property. A large recreation area is available for public use. Admission fees apply. The springs continue to flow, despite being inundated by the lake. A million people are said to visit the lake each year. Lake fees apply.The lake is located 7 miles east of Lubbock. From Lubbock, take FM 835 (East 50th Street) 5 miles past Loop 289. Go left at the toll gate for Buffalo Springs Lake.
Lake Buffalo Springs Location Map  
TPWD Lake Buffalo Springs Public Access Facilities Map 
Brazos River:  
The Brazos River rises at the confluence of its Salt Fork and Double Mountain Fork near the eastern boundary of Stonewall County in the Texas Panhandle Plains Region. It flows 840 miles across Texas to its mouth on the Gulf of Mexico, two miles south of Freeport in Brazoria County. The two forks rise 150 miles above the confluence, thus forming a continuous 1,050 mile long watershed, making it the longest river in Texas. The Brazos has seven principal tributaries, including the Salt and Double Mountain forks. The others are the Clear Fork, the Bosque and Little rivers, Yegua Creek, and the Navasota River which joins the Brazos River six miles southwest of Navasota in southwestern Grimes County. In addition, there are fifteen sub tributaries within the watershed, the most important being the Leon River, a tributary of the Little River. Although the Brazos was well known to Spanish explorers and missionaries who described the Indians located along its banks, the first permanent settlements on the river were made by Anglo-Americans. John McFarland, one of the Old Three Hundred, founded San Felipe de Austin at the Atascosito Crossing of the Brazos. The town became the colonial capital of Texas. Velasco, the site of the first colonial resistance to Mexican authority, is located on the River as are Columbia and Washington-on-the-Brazos, two of the first seats of government of the Republic of Texas. Originally, the Brazos was navigable for 250 miles from the Gulf of Mexico to the town of Washington. It was an important waterway before the Civil War, and efforts to improve it for navigation continued until the early twentieth century. Important cities in the Brazos watershed are Lubbock, Graham, Waco, Temple, Belton, Freeport and Galveston. Houston abuts the region along the Fort Bend and Brazoria County lines. The most important lakes on the Brazos River are Possum Kingdom Lake and Lake Whitney.  Fish Stocking History