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County
Castro
Region
Panhandle Plains
Population
2010 Census - 4,393
2000 Census - 4,375
Nearby
Towns
Dimmitt, Texas
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Dimmitt Texas History:
The Dimmitt townsite was platted and town lots were sold by the Bedford Town and Land Company in 1890. The town was named for Bedford’s brother-in-law, Rev. W.C. Dimmitt. When Dimmitt was elected Castro County seat on December 18, 1891, it had two stores, a post office, a hotel, a school and a physician. A dispute between rival county seat contenders Castro City and Dimmit ended up in a shooting. Cattle rustlings were a big problem during the town’s early years. In 1928, the Fort Worth and Denver South Plains Railway completed a line to Dimmitt. Dimmitt incorporated that same year. By 1940, Dimmitt had grown to 943 residents, and was a trading and shipping center for area farmers and ranchers. The population increased to 1,441 by 1950. The town’s economy is still largely based on agriculture and ranching. Plants produce syrups and other corn products, and process lettuce, onions, potatoes, and carrots. Cattle and sheep are fed in the county's numerous feedlots. The Dimmitt Goodpasture Plant produces anhydrous ammonia and agricultural chemicals. Other industries include grain elevators and cotton gins, and the manufacturing of farming equipment. Dimmitt is located on the former Ozark Trail at the intersections of U.S. 385, SH 86 and SH 194, 32 miles west of Tulia, 44 miles northwest of Plainview, 81 miles northwest of Lubbock, 44 miles north of Littlefield, 45 miles northeast of Muleshoe, 46.5 miles northeast of Farwell, 20.7 miles southeast of Hereford, 68.8 miles southwest of Amarillo, and 51.5 miles southwest of Palo Duro Canyon State Park and Canyon, Texas.
 
Castro County Shoot-Out on Jones Street Over County Seat Election:
Disputes over the choice of Texas county seats were common but they generally took the form of contesting elections in the courts or the occasional middle of the night theft of county records. They rarely ended up in fatal gunplay. However, gunplay was involved in the 1891 dispute between Dimmitt and Castro City over the choice of the Castro County seat. At an 1891 meeting to discuss the selection of a Castro County seat, words were exchanged between Ira Aten, a retired Texas Ranger speaking on behalf of Castro City, and Andrew McClelland, a spokesman for Dimmitt. The inflammatory remarks led to a gunfight between the two men on December 23, five days after Dimmitt was chosen county seat. In an exchange of shots in the middle of Jones Street, Aten wounded Andrew McClelland and his brother Hugh. Aten was acquitted of the assault charges and a short time later was appointed Castro County sheriff. The marker is located on the courthouse lawn.
 
Texas Plains Trail Region:
The 52-county Texas Plains Trail Region includes the Texas Panhandle and Plains. It stretches from the Texas towns of Big Spring and Colorado City in the southern portion of the region, to Muleshoe and the New Mexico state border in the west, to Quanah and Knox City in the east, and to the top of the Texas Panhandle, from Dalhart in the west to Lipscomb in the east. The Texas Plains Trail Region organization is a nonprofit heritage tourism organization affiliated with the Texas Historical Commission. TPTR acts as an economic development initiative that helps Texas communities to promote their historic and cultural resources, and increase tourism to their areas. The organization helps promote travel to heritage destinations and historic sites. A name repeatedly mentioned in the history of West Texas is Cynthia Ann Parker, a young child captured during a raid on Fort Parker. She grew up among the Comanches, married Comanche chief Peta Nocona, and had three children, Pecos, Quanah and Prairie Flower. In 1860, a party of Texas Rangers led by Sul Ross, a future governor of Texas, rescued her and her infant daughter Prairie Flower; Charles Goodnight participated in this raid. Her son Quanah became famous as the last great war chief of the Comanche. One of TPTR’s most visible recent projects is the Quanah Parker Trail. When the project is completed, giant Quanah Parker arrow markers will have been installed in all 52 counties in the Texas Plains Trail Region. Some counties will have more than one installation. The arrows were created and donated by New Home, Texas, artist Charles Smith. As of early 2014, over 70 arrows had been installed in almost 50 counties. Each arrow will have a plaque giving pertinent historical information. (806) 747-1997. P.O. Box 88, Lubbock, Texas 79408.  Email  Plains Trail Map
 
Ozark Trail Obelisks:  
These Ozark Trail markers were located in five states in the 20s when many automobile enthusiasts were pushing for the improvement of American highways. Each obelisk listed mileage distances on the trail between its placement city and several distant cities. All of the trails led to or connected up with routes that went to the Ozark Mountains. Many of these routes have become federal highways today. 21 obelisks remain. Tulia’s and Tampico’s obelisks are two of the few remaining obelisks still located in its original street location. Dimmitt’s obelisk is located at the intersection of SH 86 and U.S. 385 on the courthouse square.
 
Celebrated 1925 Jackrabbit Round-Up of Castro County:
This story was told by Mr. Sava who got the story from one of the participants, who has since passed away. There had been a plague of Jackrabbits in Castro County. The plan was to round up the pesky varmints and ship them to California, which was considered jackrabbit deficient. The round up drew a large crowd and while local people scoffed at the idea, visitors from neighboring counties were taking notes, just in case the project was a success. A corral of sorts was set up and the rabbits were herded in. It was soon obvious that jackrabbits were extremely territorial and didn't like being crowded. They jumped out of the corral like grasshoppers from a hot skillet. While the townsfolk were pondering their options, a dust storm blew in and the people raced home to close their windows. No one mentioned the event for some time, and when they did it was in hushed tones.
 
Castro County Courthouse, 1939:
The sandstone courthouse was designed in modern style by the architectural firm of Townes and Funk. The courthouse site was set aside for the town square when Castro County was organized in 1891. The beautiful 1908 courthouse was razed to make room for this modern courthouse. The 2010 Castro County census was 8,062. The courthouse and Ozark Trail obelisk are located at 100 East Bedford Street. (806) 647-4451. 
 
Castro County Historical Museum:
The museum is housed in the 1909 Carter House. The house was moved to a five acre lot located just west of the hospital. The museum features exhibits depicting the history of Dimmitt and Castro County, including historic photos, artifacts, farm and ranch equipment and a furnished half-dugout. Open Mon-Fri, 1pm-5pm. Admission is free. (806) 647-2611. 404 West Halsell Street (FM 2392).
 
Olton Sand Crawl Museum, Olton, Texas:
The museum is named after the “Sand Crawl” sand dune formation south of Olton. This strangely located sand dune is three to twelve miles wide and extends from Curry and Roosevelt Counties in New Mexico into the western section of Hale County, Texas. The Sand Crawl Museum features exhibits depicting the history of Olton and the surrounding area.
 
Rhoads Memorial Library:
The library provides traditional library programs, children, teen and adult programs, senior resources, summer programs, public access computers with internet connections, and free Wi-Fi. Michael Richter’s pewter sculpture “The Circus Parade,” is on display in the library. Open Tue-Fri, 9am-6pm. (806) 647-3532. 103 Southwest 2nd Street. Email
 
Dimmitt Senior Citizens Center:
The center provides activities, programs, meals and health information to seniors. (806) 647-2654. 218 W. Jones Street. 
 
Paidom Meats, Nazareth, TX:
Alan Birkenfield grows and sells hormone, chemical, and antibiotic grass-fed beef, lamb, goat, pork, chicken, and eggs. Meats may be ordered in bulk by variety packages (different meats) and selected cut packages, or by half or whole beef, pork, goat, or lamb. (806) 945-2218. HCR 1, Box 56, Nazareth, Texas 79063. Nazareth is located on SH 86, 12 miles east of Dimmitt. Email  Nazareth Area Map
 
Annual Ogallala Quilt Festival, 1st Saturday in April:
This event attracts quilters from around the world. It is held in the Dimmitt Senior Citizens Center at 218 W. Jones Street. (806) 647-2524.  Email   
 
July 16, 20116. The link changes yearly so check Chamber of Commerce
Annual Friona Cheeseburger Festival, Friona, Texas, July:
In 2007, the Texas State Legislature named Friona the Cheeseburger Capital of Texas. This event features a cheeseburger cook-off, lots of cheeseburgers, a car and motorcycle show, vendors and games, and a cheeseburger eating contest. Admission is free. Burgers cost $7 each. (806) 250-3491. This event is held on a Saturday at Friona City Park, 700 Main Street, Friona, Texas 79035. Friona is located on U.S. 60, 70 miles southwest of Amarillo, 53 miles southwest of Canyon, 22.5 miles southwest of Hereford, and 32 miles northwest of Dimmitt, Texas.  
 
Annual Castro County Fair, Saturday after Labor Day, Sept:
Activities include exhibits, quilt shows, food vendors, arts and crafts, a fiddler’s contest, parades, early settler’s reunion, rides, games and live entertainment. (806) 647-4115. (806) 647-2524.  Email AgriLife